Gene - definition, pronunciation, transcription

Amer.  |dʒiːn|  American pronunciation of the word gene
Brit.  |dʒiːn|  British pronunciation of the word gene

noun

- (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity(syn: cistron, factor)

genes were formerly called factors

Examples

She inherited a good set of genes from her parents.

the genes that regulate cell division

a gene that occurs in mammals but that is absent in birds

The disease is caused by a defective gene.

Scientists have isolated the gene that causes the disease.

They never give Gene any credit for all the extra work he does.

The disease is under the control of a single dominant gene.

a faulty gene that causes breast cancer

The drug blocks the action of the cancer gene.

Scientists have identified the gene that causes abnormal growth.

He has to wear a jacket and tie to work.

This particular gene is passed down through the male line.

geneticists only recently discovered the identity of the gene that causes it

the process of repressing gene transcription

I mistakenly wrote her name as "Gene" instead of "Jean."

Word forms

noun
singular: gene
plural: genes
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