Reference - definition, pronunciation, transcription

Amer.  |ˈrefrəns|  American pronunciation of the word reference
Brit.  |ˈrɛf(ə)r(ə)ns|  British pronunciation of the word reference


- a remark that calls attention to something or someone(syn: mention)
- a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage (syn: acknowledgment, citation, cite, credit, mention, quotation)
- an indicator that orients you generally
- a book to which you can refer for authoritative facts
- a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability(syn: character)
- the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the class of objects that an expression refers to (syn: denotation, extension)
- the act of referring or consulting(syn: consultation)

▼ (3)


- refer to(syn: cite)


The numbers were calculated by reference to the most recent census.

Reference to a map will make the position clear.

She listed her former teacher as a reference when she applied for the job.

Her former teacher gave her a reference when she applied for the job.

Her teacher gave her a letter of reference.

The book references many other authors who have written on this topic.

The statement contains several references to me.

She made no references to her opponents.

This might be done without reference to Parliament.

There is no direct reference to her own childhood in the novel.

The article made no reference to previous research on the subject.

The governor made only a passing reference to the problem of unemployment (=he mentioned it quickly).

A vocabulary index is included for easy reference.

Keep their price list on file for future reference (=so that it can be looked at in the future).

The book will become a standard work of reference (=a book that people look at for information).

Word forms

I/you/we/they: reference
he/she/it: references
present participle: referencing
past tense: referenced
past participle: referenced
singular: reference
plural: references
See also:  WebsterWiktionaryLongman