If - definition, pronunciation, transcription

Amer.  |ɪf|  American pronunciation of the word if
Brit.  |ɪf|  British pronunciation of the word if


- Supposing that, assuming that, in the circumstances that; used to introduce a condition or choice.
If it rains, I will get wet.
- Supposing that; used with past subjunctive indicating that the condition is not fulfilled.
I'd prefer it if you took your shoes off.
- Although; used to introduce a concession.
He was a great friend, if a little stingy at the bar.
- (computing) In the event that a statement is true (a programming statement that acts in a similar manner).
If A, then B, else C.
- Whether; used to introduce a noun clause as the object of certain verbs.
I don't know if I want to go or not.
- (usually hyperbolic) Even if; even in the circumstances that.


- (informal) An uncertainty, possibility, condition, doubt etc.

Extra examples

There are too many ifs in this proposal.

If records are to be trusted, there was no famine this year.

If he comes tomorrow, send for me.

If I don't know the way, I ask.

He asked me if I knew a new address of our university professor.

He asked if his wife was there.

If they are poor, they are at any rate happy.

Even if he had escaped, they would have got him in any case.

I'm not very happy about so many ifs written into the contract.

We'll stay at home if it rains.

If you need money, I can lend you some.

If I didn't apologize I'd feel guilty.

If you had worked harder, you would have passed your exams.

What would happen to your family if you were to die in an accident?

If Dad were here, he would know what to do.

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