Root - definition, pronunciation, transcription

Amer.  |ruːt|  American pronunciation of the word root
Brit.  |ruːt|  British pronunciation of the word root


- (botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or leaves or nodes; absorbs water and mineral salts; usually it anchors the plant to the ground
- the place where something begins, where it springs into being(syn: beginning, origin, rootage, source)
- (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed (syn: base, radical, stem, theme)
- a number that, when multiplied by itself some number of times, equals a given number
- the set of values that give a true statement when substituted into an equation (syn: solution)
- someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent) (syn: ancestor, antecedent, ascendant, ascendent)
- a simple form inferred as the common basis from which related words in several languages can be derived by linguistic processes (syn: etymon)
- the embedded part of a bodily structure such as a tooth, nail, or hair


- take root and begin to grow
- come into existence, originate
- cheer for
- plant by the roots
- dig with the snout(syn: rootle, rout)
- become settled or established and stable in one's residence or life style (syn: settle)
- cause to take roots


Elm trees have shallow roots.

Pull weeds up by the roots so that they don't grow back.

You can tell that she dyes her hair blonde because her dark roots are showing.

Her roots are in Canada.

I can't pull this bush up, it's firmly rooted in the ground.

Her affection to him is deeply rooted.

His opinion is rooted in experience.

He stood there rooted to the spot.

Half the school came to the sports meeting to root for their team.

She keeps rooting for a nice expensive vacation.

These plants produce a number of thin roots.

Allergies are at the root of a lot of health problems.

The love of money is the root of all evil.

A competent mechanic should be able to get to the root of the problem (=find out the cause of a problem).

Jazz has its roots in the folk songs of the southern states of the US.

Phrasal verbs

root out  — pull up by or as if by the roots

Word forms

I/you/we/they: root
he/she/it: roots
present participle: rooting
past tense: rooted
past participle: rooted
singular: root
plural: roots
See also:  WebsterWiktionaryLongman