English dictionary


abaca |ɑːbɑːˈkɑː| — a kind of hemp obtained from the abaca plant in the Philippines

abaci |ˈæbəsaɪ| — Plural form of abacus

aback |əˈbæk| — having the wind against the forward side of the sails

abaction |æbˈækʃən| — (law) Carrying away by force, especially of animals.

abacus |ˈæbəkəs| — a tablet placed horizontally on top of the capital of a column as an aid in supporting the architrave

abaft |əˈbæft| — at or near or toward the stern of a ship or tail of an airplane

abandon |əˈbændən| — the trait of lacking restraint or control; reckless freedom from inhibition or worry

abandoned |əˈbændənd| — forsaken by owner or inhabitants

abandonee |əˌbændʌˈniː| — (law) One to whom something is abandoned. [Mid 19th century.]

abandonment |əˈbændənmənt| — the act of giving something up

abase |əˈbeɪs| — cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of

abasement |əˈbeɪsmənt| — a low or downcast state

abash |əˈbæʃ| — cause to be embarrassed; cause to feel self-conscious

abashed |əˈbæʃt| — feeling or caused to feel ill at ease or self-conscious or ashamed

abashment |əˈbæʃmənt| — feeling embarrassed due to modesty

abate |əˈbeɪt| — make less active or intense

abated |əˈbeɪtəd| — simple past tense and past participle of abate

abatement |əˈbeɪtmənt| — an interruption in the intensity or amount of something

abatis |ˈæbətiː| — a line of defense consisting of a barrier of felled or live trees with branches (sharpened or with barbed wire entwined) pointed toward the enemy

abattoir |ˈæbətwɑːr| — a building where animals are butchered

abb |æb| — an urban hit squad and guerrilla group of the Communist Party in the Philippines; formed in the 1980s

abbacy |ˈæbˌəˌsɪ| — the jurisdiction or office of an abbot

abbe |ˈæbɪ| — a French abbot

abbess |ˈæbes| — the superior of a group of nuns

abbey |ˈæbɪ| — a church associated with a monastery or convent

abbot |ˈæbət| — the superior of an abbey of monks

abbreviate |əˈbriːvɪeɪt| — reduce in scope while retaining essential elements

abbreviated |əˈbriːvɪeɪtɪd| — (of clothing) very short

abbreviating |əˈbriːvɪˌetɪŋ| — Present participle of abbreviate.

abbreviation |əˌbrɪvɪˈeɪʃən| — a shortened form of a word or phrase

ABC |ˌeɪbiːˈsiː| — the elementary stages of any subject (usually plural)

ABC-book |ˈeɪbiːˈsiːbʊk| — a book, teaching the alphabet; primer

abdicate |ˈæbdɪkeɪt| — give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors, or duties and obligations

abdication |ˌæbdɪˈkeɪʃn| — a formal resignation and renunciation of powers

abdomen |ˈæbdəmən| — the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis

abdominal |æbˈdɑːmɪnəl| — the muscles of the abdomen

abdominous |æbˈdɑːmənəs| — having a large belly

abduce  — advance evidence for

abducens  — a small motor nerve supplying the lateral rectus muscle of the eye

abducent |æbˈduːsənt| — a small motor nerve supplying the lateral rectus muscle of the eye

abduct |æbˈdʌkt| — take away to an undisclosed location against their will and usually in order to extract a ransom

abducted |æbˈdʌktɪd| — simple past tense and past participle of abduct

abduction |æbˈdʌkʃn| — the criminal act of capturing and carrying away by force a family member; if a man's wife is abducted it is a crime against the family relationship and against the wife

abductor |æbˈdʌktər| — someone who unlawfully seizes and detains a victim (usually for ransom)

abeam |əˈbiːm| — at right angles to the length of a ship or airplane

abecedarian |eɪbiːsiːˈderiːən| — a novice learning the rudiments of some subject

abecedary  — (rare) The alphabet, written out in a teaching book, or carved on a wall; a primer; abecedarium. [First attested from 1350 to 1470.]

abed |əˈbed| — in bed

Abel |ˈeɪbəl| — Norwegian mathematician (1802-1829)

aberdevine |ˌæbədəˈvaɪn| — (obsolete outside dialects) The Eurasian siskin or spruce siskin (Carduelis spinus), a small green and yellow finch related to the goldfinch. [mid-18th century]

aberrance |æˈberəns| — a state or condition markedly different from the norm

aberrancy |æˈberənsɪ| — a state or condition markedly different from the norm

aberrant |æˈberənt| — one whose behavior departs substantially from the norm of a group

aberration |ˌæbəˈreɪʃn| — a state or condition markedly different from the norm

abet |əˈbet| — assist or encourage, usually in some wrongdoing

abetment |əˈbetmənt| — the verbal act of urging on

abetting |əˈbetɪŋ| — Present participle of abet.

abettor |əˈbetər| — one who helps or encourages or incites another

abeyance |əˈbeɪəns| — temporary cessation or suspension

abeyancy  — (rare) Abeyance.

abhor |əbˈhɔːr| — find repugnant

abhorrence |əbˈhɔːrəns| — hate coupled with disgust

abhorrent |əbˈhɔːrənt| — offensive to the mind

abidance |əˈbaɪdns| — acting according to certain accepted standards

abide |əˈbaɪd| — dwell

abiding |əˈbaɪdɪŋ| — lasting a long time

abiding-place  — The place where one abides; a permanent dwelling-place; hence, a place of rest; a resting-place.

abigail |ˈæbəˌɡel| — 1847, Charlotte Brontë, Jane Eyre:

ability |əˈbɪlətɪ| — the quality of being able to perform; a quality that permits or facilitates achievement or accomplishment

abiotic |ˌeɪbaɪˈɑːtɪk| — Nonliving, inanimate, characterised by the absence of life; of inorganic matter. [Mid 20th century.]

abject |ˈæbdʒekt| — of the most contemptible kind

abjection |æbˈdʒekʃən| — a low or downcast state

abjuration |ˌæbdʒʊəˈreɪʃən| — a disavowal or taking back of a previous assertion

abjure |əbˈdʒʊr| — formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief, usually under pressure

ablactation |ˌæbləkˈteɪʃən| — the cessation of lactation

ablation |əˈbleɪʃn| — surgical removal of a body part or tissue

ablative |ˈæblətɪv| — the case indicating the agent in passive sentences or the instrument or manner or place of the action described by the verb

ablaut |ˈablaʊt| — a vowel whose quality or length is changed to indicate linguistic distinctions (such as sing sang sung song)

ablaze |əˈbleɪz| — keenly excited (especially sexually) or indicating excitement

able |ˈeɪbl| — have the skills and qualifications to do things well

able-bodied |ˌeɪblˈbɒdɪd| — having a strong healthy body

ablepsia  — (medicine, rare) Lack of sight; blindness.

ablet |ˈæblɪt| — A small fresh-water fish (Alburnus alburnus); the bleak.

abloom |əˈbluːm| — bursting into flower

ablush |əˈblʌʃ| — Blushing; ruddy. [First attested in the Mid 19th century.]

ablution |əˈbluːʃən| — the ritual washing of a priest's hands or of sacred vessels

ably |ˈeɪblɪ| — with competence; in a competent capable manner

abnegate |ˈæbnəɡeɪt| — deny oneself (something); restrain, especially from indulging in some pleasure

abnormal |æbˈnɔːrml| — much greater than the normal

abnormalcy  — an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies

abnormality |ˌæbnɔːrˈmælətɪ| — an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies

abnormally |æbˈnɔːrməlɪ| — in an abnormal manner

abnormity |æbˈnɔːrmɪtiː| — (rare) Alternative form of abnormality. [First attested in the mid 18th century.]

aboard |əˈbɔːrd| — on a ship, train, plane or other vehicle

abode |əˈbəʊd| — any address at which you dwell more than temporarily

abolish |əˈbɑːlɪʃ| — do away with

abolished |əˈbɑːˌlɪʃt| — simple past tense and past participle of abolish

abolishment |əˈbɒlɪʃmənt| — the act of abolishing a system or practice or institution (especially abolishing slavery)

abolition |ˌæbəˈlɪʃn| — the act of abolishing a system or practice or institution (especially abolishing slavery)

abolitionism |ˌæbəˈlɪʃəˌnɪzəm| — the doctrine that calls for the abolition of slavery

abolitionist |ˌæbəˈlɪʃənɪst| — a reformer who favors abolishing slavery

abomasum |ˌabəʊˈmeɪsəm| — the fourth compartment of the stomach of a ruminant; the one where digestion takes place

abominable |əˈbɑːmɪnəbl| — unequivocally detestable

abominate |əˈbɑːmɪneɪt| — find repugnant

abomination |əˌbɑːmɪˈneɪʃn| — a person who is loathsome or disgusting

aboriginal |ˌæbəˈrɪdʒənl| — an indigenous person who was born in a particular place

aborigine |ˌæbəˈrɪdʒənɪ| — an indigenous person who was born in a particular place

aborigines |ˌæbəˈrɪdʒənɪz| — plural form of aborigine

abort |əˈbɔːrt| — the act of terminating a project or procedure before it is completed

aborted |əˈbɔːrtəd| — Brought forth prematurely.

abortion |əˈbɔːrʃn| — termination of pregnancy

abortive |əˈbɔːrtɪv| — failing to accomplish an intended result

abortively |əˈbɔːrtɪvlɪ| — in an unfruitful manner

abound |əˈbaʊnd| — be abundant or plentiful; exist in large quantities

abounding |əˈbaʊndɪŋ| — existing in abundance

about |əˈbaʊt| — (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct

about-face |əˌbaʊt ˈfeɪs| — act of pivoting 180 degrees, especially in a military formation

about-ship  — (intransitive) Tack; to cause to turn into the wind and through the other side ending with a full 180 degree turn.

about-sledge |sledʒ| — The largest hammer used by smiths.

about-turn |əbaʊtˈteən| — A turn of 180 degrees, typically in a military formation.

above |əˈbʌv| — an earlier section of a written text

above-average  — Better than average.

above-board |əˈbʌvˈbɔːd| — In open sight; without trick, concealment, or deception. [First attested in the late 16th century.]

above-ground |əˈbʌvɡraʊnd| — Alternative spelling of aboveground.

above-mentioned |əˌbʌvˈmenʃənd| — mentioned or named earlier in the same text

above-water  — Above the surface of the water.

aboveboard |əˈbʌvbɔːrd| — in an honest manner

aboveground  — on or above the surface of the ground

abovestairs  — (archaic) The part of a building above the ground level.

abracadabra |ˌæbrəkəˈdæbrə| — gibberish and nonsense

abradant |əˈbreɪdnt| — a substance that abrades or wears down

abrade |əˈbreɪd| — wear away

abrading |əˈbreɪdɪŋ| — Present participle of abrade.

abranchial |eɪˈbræŋkiːəl| — having no gills

abranchiate |eɪˈbræŋkiːɪt| — having no gills

abrasion |əˈbreɪʒn| — an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off

abrasive |əˈbreɪsɪv| — a substance that abrades or wears down

abreast |əˈbrest| — alongside each other, facing in the same direction

abridge |əˈbrɪdʒ| — reduce in scope while retaining essential elements

abridgement |əˈbrɪdʒmənt| — a shortened version of a written work

abridgment |əˈbrɪdʒmənt| — a shortened version of a written work

abrim  — Brimming, full to the brim. [First attested in the late 19th century.]

abroach  — of a cask or barrel

abroad |əˈbrɔːd| — to or in a foreign country

abrogate |ˈæbrəɡeɪt| — revoke formally

abrogation |ˌæbrəˈɡeɪʃn| — the act of abrogating; an official or legal cancellation

abrupt |əˈbrʌpt| — marked by sudden changes in subject and sharp transitions

abruption |əˈbrʌpʃən| — an instance of sudden interruption

abruptly |əˈbrʌptlɪ| — quickly and without warning

abruptness |əˈbrʌptnəs| — an abrupt discourteous manner

abs |ˈeɪˈbiːˈes| — any of a class of composite plastics used to make car bodies and cases for computers and other appliances

abscess |ˈæbses| — symptom consisting of a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue

abscissa |æbˈsɪsə| — the value of a coordinate on the horizontal axis

abscissae |æbˈsɪsiː| — plural form of abscissa

abscission |æbˈsɪʒən| — shedding of flowers and leaves and fruit following formation of scar tissue in a plant

abscond |əbˈskɑːnd| — run away; usually includes taking something or somebody along

absence |ˈæbsəns| — the state of being absent

absent |ˈæbsənt| — go away or leave

absent-minded |ˈæbsənt ˈmɑɪndɪd| — Alternative form of absent-minded.

absent-mindedness |ˌæbsənt ˈmaɪndɪdnəs| — Alternative form of absent-mindedness.

absentee |ˌæbsənˈtiː| — one that is absent or not in residence

absenteeism |ˌæbsənˈtiːɪzəm| — habitual absence from work

absentia |æbˈsenʃə| — absence

absently |ˈæbsəntlɪ| — in an absentminded or preoccupied manner

absentmindedly |ˌæbsəntˈmɑɪndɪdlɪ| — in an absentminded or preoccupied manner

absentmindedness |ˌæbsentˈmɑɪndɪdnəs| — preoccupation so great that the ordinary demands on attention are ignored

absinth |ˈæbsɪnθ| — strong green liqueur flavored with wormwood and anise

absinthe |ˈæbsɪnθ| — aromatic herb of temperate Eurasia and North Africa having a bitter taste used in making the liqueur absinthe

absolute |ˈæbsəluːt| — something that is conceived or that exists independently and not in relation to other things; something that does not depend on anything else and is beyond human control; something that is not relative

absolutely |ˈæbsəluːtlɪ| — completely and without qualification; used informally as intensifiers

absoluteness |ˈæbsəˌluːtnəs| — the quality of being complete or utter or extreme

absolution |ˌæbsəˈluːʃn| — the condition of being formally forgiven by a priest in the sacrament of penance

absolutism |ˈæbsəluːtɪzəm| — dominance through threat of punishment and violence

absolutist |ˈæbsəluːtɪst| — one who advocates absolutism

absolve |əbˈzɑːlv| — grant remission of a sin to

absolvent  — (rare) Absolving.

absorb |əbˈzɔːrb| — become imbued

absorbed |əbˈzɔːrbd| — giving or marked by complete attention to

absorbency |əbˈzɔːrbənsɪ| — the property of being absorbent

absorbent |əbˈzɔːrbənt| — a material having capacity or tendency to absorb another substance

absorber |əbˈzɔːrbər| — (physics) material in a nuclear reactor that absorbs radiation

absorbing |əbˈzɔːrbɪŋ| — capable of arousing and holding the attention

absorption |əbˈsɔːrpʃn| — (chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another; a fluid permeates or is dissolved by a liquid or solid

absorptive |əbˈsɔːptɪv| — having power or capacity or tendency to absorb or soak up something (liquids or energy etc.)

absorptivity |ˈæbsɔːrpˈtɪvɪtiː| — (physics) the property of a body that determines the fraction of the incident radiation or sound flux absorbed or absorbable by the body

absquatulate  — run away; usually includes taking something or somebody along

abstain |əbˈsteɪn| — refrain from voting

abstainer |əbˈsteɪnər| — someone who practices self denial as a spiritual discipline

abstaining |əbˈsteɪnɪŋ| — Present participle of abstain.

abstemious |əbˈstiːmɪəs| — marked by temperance in indulgence

abstemiously |əbˈstiːmɪəslɪ| — in a sparing manner; without overindulgence

abstention |əbˈstenʃn| — the trait of abstaining (especially from alcohol)

absterge  — (archaic, now rare) To make clean by wiping; to wipe away; to cleanse; to purge. [First attested in the early 16th century.]

abstergent |æbˈstɜːrdʒənt| — Cleanse, detergent. [First attested in the early 17th century.]

abstersion |æbˈstɜːrʃən| — (archaic) Act of wiping clean; a cleansing; a purging. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]

abstinence |ˈæbstɪnəns| — the trait of abstaining (especially from alcohol)

abstinency  — (rare) Alternative form of abstinence.[First attested in the late 16th century.]

abstinent |ˈæbstɪnənt| — a person who refrains from drinking intoxicating beverages

abstract |ˈæbstrækt| — a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance

abstracted |æbˈstræktɪd| — lost in thought; showing preoccupation

abstractedly |æbˈstræktɪdlɪ| — in an absentminded or preoccupied manner

abstractedness |æbˈstræktɪdnes| — preoccupation with something to the exclusion of all else

abstraction |æbˈstrækʃn| — a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance

abstractive |æbˈstræktɪv| — of an abstracting nature or having the power of abstracting

abstractiveness |æbˈstræktɪvnes| — The property of being abstractive.

abstractness  — the quality of being considered apart from a specific instance or object

abstruse |əbˈstruːs| — difficult to penetrate; incomprehensible to one of ordinary understanding or knowledge

absurd |əbˈsɜːrd| — a situation in which life seems irrational and meaningless

absurdity |əbˈsɜːrdətɪ| — a message whose content is at variance with reason

absurdly |əbˈsɜːrdlɪ| — in an absurd manner or to an absurd degree

abt |ˈæbt| — (academics) all but thesis: A description of the status of a masters , doctoral, or (infrequently) undergraduate student who has completed all degree requirements except the culminating thesis.

abundance |əˈbʌndəns| — the property of a more than adequate quantity or supply

abundant |əˈbʌndənt| — present in great quantity

abundantly |əˈbʌndəntlɪ| — in an abundant manner

abuse |əˈbjuːs| — cruel or inhumane treatment

abused |əˈbjuːzd| — used improperly or excessively especially drugs

abuser |əˈbjuːzər| — someone who abuses

abusive |əˈbjuːsɪv| — expressing offensive reproach

abusively |əˈbjuːsɪvlɪ| — in an abusive manner

abut |əˈbʌt| — lie adjacent to another or share a boundary

abutment |əˈbətmənt| — point of contact between two objects or parts

abuttal  — (rare, plural only) The butting or boundary of land, particularly at the end; buttals. [First attested in the early 17th century.]

abutting |əˈbʌtɪŋ| — That which abuts or serves as an abutment.

abuzz |əˈbəz| — noisy like the sound of a bee

abysm |əˈbɪzəm| — a bottomless gulf or pit; any unfathomable (or apparently unfathomable) cavity or chasm or void extending below (often used figuratively)

abysmal |əˈbɪzməl| — very great; limitless

abyss |əˈbɪs| — a bottomless gulf or pit; any unfathomable (or apparently unfathomable) cavity or chasm or void extending below (often used figuratively)

abyssal |əˈbɪsl| — resembling an abyss in depth; so deep as to be unmeasurable

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