Down - definition, pronunciation, transcription

Amer.  |daʊn|  American pronunciation of the word down
Brit.  |daʊn|  British pronunciation of the word down

noun

- soft fine feathers
- (American football) a complete play to advance the football
you have four downs to gain ten yards
- English physician who first described Down's syndrome (1828-1896)
- (usually plural) a rolling treeless highland with little soil
- fine soft dense hair (as the fine short hair of cattle or deer or the wool of sheep or the undercoat of certain dogs) (syn: pile)

verb

- drink down entirely (syn: drink down, kill, pop, toss off)
He downed three martinis before dinner
- eat up completely, as with great appetite (syn: consume, demolish, devour, go through)
Some people can down a pound of meat in the course of one meal
- bring down or defeat (an opponent)
- shoot at and force to come down (syn: land, shoot down)
- cause to come or go down (syn: cut down, knock down, pull down)
The policeman downed the heavily armed suspect
The mugger knocked down the old lady after she refused to hand over her wallet
- improve or perfect by pruning or polishing (syn: polish, refine)

adjective

- extending or moving from a higher to a lower place (syn: downward)
the down staircase
the downward course of the stream
- becoming progressively lower
the down trend in the real estate market
- being put out by a strikeout
two down in the bottom of the ninth
- understood perfectly
had his algebra problems down
- lower than previously (syn: depressed)
prices are down
- shut
the shades were down
- not functioning (temporarily or permanently)
we can't work because the computer is down
- filled with melancholy and despondency (syn: blue, depressed, dispirited, downcast, downhearted, gloomy, grim, low, low-spirited)
downcast after his defeat
feeling discouraged and downhearted

adverb

- spatially or metaphorically from a higher to a lower level or position (syn: downward, downwards)
don't fall down
rode the lift up and skied down
prices plunged downward
- away from a more central or a more northerly place
was sent down to work at the regional office
worked down on the farm
came down for the wedding
flew down to Florida
- paid in cash at time of purchase
put ten dollars down on the necklace
- from an earlier time
the story was passed down from father to son
- to a lower intensity
he slowly phased down the light until the stage was completely black
- in an inactive or inoperative state
the factory went down during the strike
the computer went down again

Extra examples

The land slopes down to the sea.

She called down to her friends in the street below.

They set the cake down on the table.

Lay down your book for a minute.

We watched the sun go down.

We keep our wine collection down in the basement.

What's going on down there?

He fell down and hurt his knee.

Climb down out of that tree!

He knocked him down with one punch.

Sweat dripped down her neck.

The children ran down the hill.

She fell down the stairs.

He climbed down the ladder.

He spilled mustard down the front of his shirt.

Word forms

verb
I/you/we/they: down
he/she/it: downs
present participle: downing
past tense: downed
past participle: downed
noun
singular: down
plural: downs
See also:  WebsterWiktionaryLongman
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